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Algebraic structure

ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURE

Gà a non-empty set.

G with one or more binary operations is known as algebraic structures.

For examples:

1)  (G, *) , where ‘*’ is an binary operation on Set/Group ‘G’. Than (G,*) is an algebraic group.

2)  (N, +), where ‘+’ is an binary operation on Set/Group ‘N’,set of natural numbers.

3)  (I, + ), where ‘+’ is an binary operation on Set/Group ‘I’, set of integer numbers.

4)  (I, - ), where ‘-‘ is an binary operation on Set/Group ‘I’, set of integer numbers.

5)  (R, +, *), where ‘ + ‘ and  ‘ * ‘ are two binary operations on Set/Group ‘R’, set of real numbers.

6)  (R, +, .)

7)  (I, +, .) etc.



Properties of an Algebraic Structure:

1)      Associative and Commutative Laws:

(a * b)* c = a * (b * c)

(a * b ) = (b * a)


2)      Identity element and Inverses:

a * e = e * a = a, where e à identity element

Left identity element,
e * a = a.

Right identity element,
a * e = a.

If an binary operation ‘ * ‘ is not having an identity element,
Than,
inverse of an element ‘a’ in set is ‘b’.

a * b = b * a = e


3)      Cancellation Laws:

Left cancellation law:
a * b = a * c, implies b = c ( ‘a’ of both sides get cancelled).

Right cancellation law:
b * a = c * a, implies b = c (‘a’ of both sides get cancelled).



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